Dr. Conrad Worrill Ph.D Reparations Chronology
Protracted and Cumulative
Meaning if there wasn’t a guy like ‘Reparation’ Ray Jenkins, there would be not HR.40 to talk about.
Dr. Worril (R.I.P.) took the time to tweet all of this to me and others during one of our numerous exchanges in a long series of tweets over the course of 2 days.
Since he took the time to tweet it, I took the time to record it. Enjoy.
Who was Dr. Worrill?
Conrad Worrill (August 15, 1941 – June 3, 2020) was an African-American writer, educator, activist, and talk show host for the WVON call-in program On Target. Organizations he was involved with included the Million Man March and the National Black United Front.
In 2015 Dr. Conrad Worril and Ray Winbush put together the book entitled “Chronology of the Reparations movement of Africans in America. Which he tweeted to me during one of our many “passionate” Twitter exchanges.Reparations Chronology
|Date||Event||Info / Links|
|wdt_ID||Date||Event||Info / Links|
|1||1865||The sellout of Field Order #15; Callie House, National Ex Slave Mutual Relief Bounty and Pension Association||No Pensions for Ex-Slaves|
|2||1890-1916||UNIA and the Garvey Movement.||UNIA Timeline|
|3||1948||Genocide Convention Treaty United Nations.||Crime of Genocide|
|4||1950||Nation of Islam, Elijah Muhammad begins to voice their demands for Reparations.||What The Muslims Want|
|5||1950||Robert Brock started Reparations Movement in Calif., spent 40 years working on the issue. REPARATIONS AS DEFINED BY ATTORNEY DR. ROBERT L. BROCK||Robert Brock Case For Reparations|
|6||1951||Paul Robeson, William Patterson, W.E.B. DuBois launch Genocide Campaign.||We Charge Genocide|
|7||1955||Reemergence of grassroots organizing around the demand for Reparations.|
|8||1962||Queen Mother Moore & Dara Abubakari form Reparations Committee they delivered communique to The United Nations.||Interview Congressional Record|
|9||1963||Organized petition of one million signature for support of the demand for Reparations.||Can't Find Petition|
|10||1968||The founding of Republic of New Afrika (R.N.A) with Imari Obadele.||Video|
|11||1969||James Forman disrupting Riverside Church in New York and presenting Black Manifesto Reparations demands.||Black Power Manifesto|
|12||1972||National Black Political Convention, Reparations resolution passed by ten thousand people and presented to all Presidential candidates.|
|13||1972||African Liberation Day, 60,000 people and issue of Reparations raised; throughout.||Video|
|14||1980||African Peoples Socialist Party sponsored nationwide Reparations hearings.|
|15||1980|| Reparations Ray (Ray Jenkings) emerges in Detroit as a leading Reparations activist. |
In 1988, Detroit Advisory Board member, Reparations Ray Jenkins, encouraged Congressman John Conyers to introduce a Reparations Bill.
|16||1988||Massachusetts State Senator Bill Owens filed a Reparations Resolution with State Legislature in Mass|
|17||1989||Congressman John Conyers introduces H.R.40 - Commission to Study Reparation Proposals for African Americans Act||Bill|
|18||1993||The First Pan African Conference on Reparations held in Abuja, Nigeria, April 27-29 & attended by African American||Conference|
|19||1994||Lost and Found Nation of Islam / Silas Muhammad Petition for hearings at UN on Reparations||Statement|
|20||1995||Reparations Settlement in Rosewood, Florida; 1995, CATO Decision, California courts ruled against reparations lawsuit||Find Legal Docs|
|21||1996-1997||National Black United Front (NBUF) Human Rights Genocide Campaign. The National Black United Front Human Rights and Genocide Campaign is a Petition/Declaration of the Office in Charge of the High Commission of Human Rights of the United Nations in Geneva, Switzerland.||NBUF Genocide Campaign|
|22||1998||Campaign: Holocaust, Genocide - Reparations; Africa Group Resolution that the Transatlantic Slave Trade was a Crime Against Humanity|
|23||1999||Tulsa Race Riot Commission established |
NBUF Genocide Campaign
|Find better source|
|24||2000||Legal Strategies/ Atty. Deadria Farmer-Paellman launches campaign to expose corporate complicity in slavery; secures apology from Aetna, Inc.|
|25||2000||The Dec 12th Movement role in following Malcolm X's idea of exposing the plight of African people before world bodies. They have played a leading role in organizing around the Transatlantic Slave Trade was a Crime Against Humanity as an NGO for fifteen years at the UN.|
|26||2000||Local municipalities adopt resolutions in support of HR40 most publicized Chicago Alderman Dorothy Hearing; Atty. Adjoa Aiyetoro, N'COBRA Lawsuit; Republic New Africa (R.N.A) Reparations Lawsuit; Reparations/Assessment Discussion of Lawsuit: Cochran, Pires, Ogletree, Gary, etc.|
|27||2000||Mass discussions of Reparations and a variety of strategies unfold: Lawsuits, Trust Funds/education, Land set aside, International law, Release of political prisoners and other prisoners, Economic development funds; 2001 Pan African Unity on the Question of Reparations.|
|28||2001||The DURBAN 400 and the African and African American Descendants Caucus and Pan African Unity in the Question of the Transatlantic Slave Trade, Slavery, Colonialism and Apartheid being Crimes Against Humanity and that Reparations are owed to African people worldwide.||DURBAN 400 Movie Trailer|
|29||2001||Publication of Randall Robinson's The Debt, which presents a powerful argument for Reparations for the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade,|
|30||2001||911 setback but Reparations Movement continues to push forward|
|31||2002||Atty. Deadria Farmer-Paellmann Sue's more than 20 US corporations for their predecessor companies profiteering From the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade.|
|32||2002||Millions for Reparations Rally Called by the Durban 400 on Aug 17th in Washington, DC. Attended by 50,000 people, viewed by millions on C-SPAN.||Millions for Reparations March|
|33||2002||Queen Mother Moore Reparations Bill introduced by Councilman Charles Barron(NY) recognizing the Transatlantic Slave Trade as a Crime Against Humanity. |
Oct. 2nd, Chicago Slave Era Disclosure Act-Corporations must disclose their ties to slavery prior to conducting business News Link.
|34||2002-2003||Reparations Lawsuits the addition of corporate entities to target groups for Reparations lawsuits: |
Reparations Corporate lawsuits filed March 26, 2002 in Brooklyn, NY.
Tulsa Riot Reparations Lawsuit filed February 24, 2003 in Tulsa, Ok.
|Find Legal docs|
|35||2003||2003, Dr. Raymond Winbush's (A.k.A Dr. WinBag) book on the Reparations Question, Should America Pay?|
|36||2003||Creation of Ndaba Movement by Dr. Conrad W. Worrill, former Nat'l Chair of National Black United Front (NBUF). Over a period of one year, five cities in the U.S.-Chicago, Jackson, Ms., Houston, Baltimore, & Atlanta hosted mass meetings with Minister Farrakhan and Worrill educating thousands about Reparations.||Unveiling Street Sign|
|37||2003||2003, February 26th First Hearing of the Consolidated Class Action Corporate Lawsuit in Chicago Federal Court. Lead Attys were Lionel Jean-Baptiste and Roger Wareham. Over a two-year period, Millions For Reparations organized mass rallies on the streets and filled the courtroom.|
|38||2003-2004||2003-2004, Other City Council Oil Resolutions (following the Chicago Model) require corporations to disclose their ties to slavery, January 8th Reparations Lawsuit filed by Bob Brown in Chicago, March 20th Phase IV of NBUF Genocide Reparations Petition Campaign, worldwide;|
|39||2004||2004, March 20th Nationwide NBUF Elected Officials Reparations Survey Scorecard Campaign; May 12th, 2004 Second Reparations Lawsuit filed by Bob Brown, Chicago;|
|40||2005||Millions More Movement organized by Minister Farrakhan endorses Reparations for the Transatlantic Slave Trade, 2006, Wilmington Race Riot Report published in N.C calling for Reparations for the 1898 Wilmington Massacre.|
|41||2005-2007||State of Illinois Transatlantic Slave Trade Commission established and two reports published.|
|42||2007||2007 all Reparations Lawsuits were dismissed on the U.S. legal concept of Statute of Limitations. Under International Law this concept does not apply. That's why International Reparations organizing is important.|
|43||2008||Institute of the Black World Sponsored State of the Black World Conf, September 8th 2008 in New Orleans, major Reparations workshop held with Reparations scholars, organizers and activists from throughout the U.S.|
|44||2008-2016||Reparations Movement conflicted on strategy related to President Barack Obama's tenure in office. N'COBRA, NBUF and others continued to push HR40. N'COBRA sponsored through their National Plans of Actions, in Feb., each year around the country Reparations Awareness Days|
|45||2014||Wealth gap disparities; 2014 Atlantic Magazine publishes Ta-Nehisi Coates A Case For Reparations; discussions continue around his article exposing real estate rip off of Black people on Chicago's Westside in the 50's and early 60s.||Article|
|46||2014||Institute of the Black World (IBW) and the Carruthers Center for Inner City Studies (CCICS) led by Dr. Ron Daniels sponsored CARICOM Representatives at a major forum on Reparations at Chicago State University, April 19, 2014. Prominent leaders spoke prior to Hillary Beckles.|
|47||2015||Minister Farrakhan, Dr. Rev. Jeremiah Wright, Dr. Iva Carruthers, Kamm Howard and Worrill preceded Beckles presentation on CARICOM's Ten Point Reparations Program. Beckles is the author of the profound book Britain's Black Debt. More than 3,000 in attendance.||link|
|48||2015||National African American Reparations Commission (NAARC) established at York College in N.Y. Over a three-year period, NAARC and N'COBRA collaborated in upgrading HR40 beyond just a Study Bill. Dr. Ron Daniels ||10-Point Reparations Plan|
|51||1967||Amiri Baraka (LeRoi Jones) was a part of the planning of the Black Power Conference chaired by Dr. Nathan Wright, scheduled to take place in Newark in the summer of 1967 before the Rebellion hit. The Black Power Conference Committee was composed of nationally recognized black leaders of all stripes, and Nathan Wright was selected to coordinate this 3-day event at an Episcopal Church property in downtown Newark.||link|
|52||2006||Freedman Lawsuit Leatrice Tanner et al v Ryan Zinke, et al. This class action lawsuit was originally filed in 2006 by the Harvest Institute Freedmen Federation (HIFF), of which The Harvest Institute is a party. This case was heard by the Federal Court of Appeals at 9:30 a.m., Friday, November 17, 2017.||link|
|53||2000||Dr. Claude Anderson on Reparations for Slavery. Dr. Claude Anderson at Capitol Hill speaking for "Reparations for Slavery".||Video|